The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is in the development processes. Environmental protection, biodiversity and climate change have been considered as priority objectives under SDGs, reflecting in SDG 13 (Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts), SDG 14 (Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, sea and marine resources to sustainable development) and and SDG15 (protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystem, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and hold biodiversity loss).
Natural capital is the collection of ecosystem assets that, in combination with built, human, and social capital, generates a flow of services essential for sustaining socioeconomic development and supporting human well-being. Natural capital includes both living plants and animals, and nonliving components of nature, such as water and minerals. The flow of ecosystem services from ecosystem assets generates streams of benefits, such as food, water, recreational and cultural benefits, pollination, climate regulation, air quality regulation, and disease control.
Natural capital plays important role to achieve SDGs. Natural capital underpins the socioeconomic development and the achievement of inclusive and sustainable growth. Natural capital supports key economic sectors such as agriculture, fisheries, forestry, and mining. Natural capital underpins energy, food, and water security. Ecosystems – a main component of natural capital is vitally important for climate resilience through providing different types of ecosystem services such as climate regulation, flood regulation and carbon sequestration. Sustainable management and restoration of natural capital play crucial roles to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals